We vaccinate puppies from 7 weeks of age.  Two injections 3 to 4 weeks apart are needed to ensure adequate protection. The second vaccination can be given at 10 weeks of age at the earliest. This protection will last 12 months. Your puppy can start socialising with other dogs from 3 weeks after the 1st vaccination, however they should be kept on a lead until 4 weeks after the 2nd vaccination. 

You can protect your puppy against the following diseases:
Parvo virus: Causes severe vomiting and diarrhoea, usually in young animals, which can be fatal.

Distemper virus: Affected dogs are often very ill and many die from the disease. Symptoms include coughing, a snotty nose, vomiting, diarrhoea and convulsions.

Adenovirus: This virus attacks the liver and can cause liver failure. Many animals who catch this disease will die, others who recover will have ongoing illnesses.

Leptospirosis: (Weil’s disease) This bacteria is spread by rats in their urine. It causes jaundice and liver failure and can cause kidney failure. It can also cause diarrhoea and vomiting. This can be spread to people.

Parainfluenza: Causes coughing which can go on for months in some cases. It is caused by a combination of viruses and bacteria. We recommend vaccination before going into kennels.

Worming
Roundworms can be passed form a mother to her pups, whilst they are in the womb or via the milk. The eggs can survive for years in the environment. It is likely that young dogs will have roundworms and so treatment should be started at 2 weeks of age and repeated every 3 weeks until 12 weeks old.

For pups less then 12 weeks we recommend a paste, granules or a liquid wormer daily for 3 consecutive days.

Tapeworms can be picked up by your pup mainly through swallowing fleas but also through eating rabbits or rodents, so from 12 weeks of age we recommend tablets, which treat tapeworms, roundworms, whipworms and hookworms. These should be given monthly until 6 months of age. From this age onwards worming every 3 to 6 months is strongly advised. (This might still not be sufficient for some dogs, who might need worming every 6 weeks).

Fleas
Every dog is likely to be infected at some stage in its life by fleas, but with the appropriate products you will be able to get rid of them.

Products which kill adult fleas:
 Spot-on products, easily applied onto the skin. These need to be applied on a monthly basis. All the products we supply will kill fleas within 24 hours, are safe and effective.

Products which stop fleas breeding: A monthly tablet which may be added to the food and which will also control round worm, hookworm and whipworm.

Products which treat the environment: Sprays for the house, which kill some or all stages of flea development, and will give protection for varying lengths of time.

Microchip
We strongly advise you have your puppy microchipped. The chip is inserted by a vet or a nurse under the skin between the shoulders. This can be done at the second vaccination or any time after that.

Feeding
Puppies should be fed on proprietary puppy food. Our range of Royal Canin food caters for every life stage. Our team of nurses is available to advise you. Please ask about our loyalty scheme.

Neutering 
Females: Neutering will stop the heat cycle and the bleeding and behaviour changes associated with it. Neutering stops false pregnancies and the development of a womb infection. Early spaying reduces the risk of developing mammary cancer. We recommend neutering 3 months after the first heat.

Males: Neutering may stop antisocial, aggressive and sexual behaviour. It also reduces the risk of developing prostatic or testicular disease. We recommend neutering males from 6 months of age.

Insurance
We strongly recommend insurance. You should be offered 4 weeks free insurance with the first vaccination. If you were not, please do not hesitate to ask for this at the second vaccination. We can only give specific advice on Pet Plan.

Enjoy your puppy and don’t hesitate to contact the surgery on 01579 342120 if you have any questions or concerns.